Category: Position fixed relative to containing div

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But I've got some problems EDIT: The first problem is sovled by using inherit, but it still doesn't work. Does anyone know how the fix this? I can't give my fixed element a fixed with, because I'm using the jScrollPane plugin. It depends on the content whether there's a scrollbar or not. PS: The text of the 2 divs are on top of each other. This is just an example so that doesn't really matter.

This worked very satisfyingly to solve my problem of making a sticky menu be restrained to the original parent width whenever it got "stuck".

Likewise, both will adhere to the max-widthpx when the viewport is wider. It works with my already responsive theme in a way that I can alter the parent container without having to also alter the fixed child element -- elegant and flexible.

This was so helpful to me because my layout was responsive, and the inherit solution wasn't working with me! Fixed positioning is supposed to define everything in relation to the viewport, so position:fixed is always going to do that. Try using position:relative on the child div instead.

I realize you might need the fixed positioning for other reasons, but if so - you can't really make the width match it's parent with out JS without inherit. Use -webkit-transform: translateZ 0 ; on the parent. Of course this is specific to Chrome. You don't need to think about too much about other containers because fixed position only relative to the browser window.

Important : to not set top and left for fxset these attributes on. Learn more. Asked 8 years, 11 months ago.

Active 11 months ago. Viewed k times. Thanks a lot! Hashem Qolami Dnns Dnns 1, 3 3 gold badges 13 13 silver badges 16 16 bronze badges. Active Oldest Votes. What sorcery is this?! The trick with inheriting parent's width only works if the parent has a set width in px. This is a pretty bad answer It's basically the equivalent of setting constant values, which isn't very useful at all.

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Great answer! In my case, adding a min-width: inherit did the trick. Should really have a window. This is the way to do.

position fixed relative to containing div

This worked well for me!One of the common CSS techniques that can be a bit tricky at first is being able to absolutely position a child div element within a parent div container, relative to the parent. There are numerous scenarios where you might require this sort of positioning for div and other HTML elements.

Other positioning styles for position:fixed; and position:inherit; may also work in some cases but will rarely be required.

If the parent has the position property omitted, then the child div would be positioned relative to the next containing div with a relative or absolute position. If no containing elements have these position properties set on the page, then the child will be positioned relative to the page body. The parent container is set to relative position and the child is set to absolute. To align the child to the bottom right we use bottom:0px; and right:0px. If the parent div did not have the position CSS proerty set in this case, then it would align with the bottom of the page.

As the parent is positioned relative to the grandparent with bottom:0px; then it is given a position:absolute. As the parent is not absolutely positioned, it will appear in the default top left position. In this case, the next parent container div is the grandparent.

Thank you so much for this!!! I was looking in many sites css-tricks also for demo for a simple code to implement example 1 inside WordPress editor, Found here. Thank you. Im curious,how do you get child to extend parent height? You could use JavaScript however or the display:table; method. It works correctly on the first, but then all the remaining children locate to the right of the screen, outside the 1st parent. The position:relative on the parent wasnt always being applied.

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position fixed relative to containing div

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Div boxes - position absolute, relative and fixed

The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information. I'd like to create the bars using DIVs with background colors and percentage widths depending on the values I want to graph.

I also want to have a grid lines to mark an arbitrary position along the graph. In my experimentation, I've already gotten the bars to stack horizontally by assigning the CSS property float: left. However, I'd like to avoid that, as it really seems to mess with the layout in confusing ways. Also, the grid lines don't seem to work very well when the bars are floated. I think that CSS positioning should be able to handle this, but I don't yet know how to do it.

I want to be able to specify the position of several elements relative to the top-left corner of their container. I run into this sort of issue regularly even outside of this particular graph projectso I'd like a method that's:.

In other words, the elements is laid out in normal flow, then it is removed from normal flow and offset by whatever values you have specified top, right, bottom, left. It's important to note that because it's removed from flow, other elements around it will not shift with it use negative margins instead if you want this behaviour.

However, you're most likely interested in position: absolute which will position an element relative to a container. By default, the container is the browser window, but if a parent element either has position: relative or position: absolute set on it, then it will act as the parent for positioning coordinates for its children. In that example, the top left corner of box would be px down and 50px left of the top left corner of container.

If container did not have position: relative set, the coordinates of box would be relative to the top left corner of the browser view port. You have to explicitly set the position of the parent container along with the position of the child container.

position fixed relative to containing div

The typical way to do that is something like this:. This will set the position of an element with respect to the browser window viewport. A fixed positioned element will remain in its position even when the page scrolls. The above CSS will move the myelem element 30px to the left and 30px from the top of its actual location.

Position a child div relative to parent container in CSS

The above CSS will position myelem element at a position 30px from top and px from the left in the page and it will scroll with the page. We can set the position property of a parent element to relative and then set the position property of the child element to absolute. This way we can position the child relative to the parent at an absolute position. We can see in the above image the div-2 element is positioned at the top-right corner inside the container element.

Hope this tutorial helps. Absolute positioning positions an element relative to its nearest positioned ancestor. So put position: relative on the container, then for child elements, top and left will be relative to the top-left of the container so long as the child elements have position: absolute. More information is available in the CSS 2. If you need to position an element relative to its containing element first you need to add position: relative to the container element.

The child element you want to position relatively to the parent has to have position: absolute. The way that absolute positioning works is that it is done relative to the first relatively or absolutely positioned parent element. In case there is no relatively positioned parent, the element will be positioned relative to the root element directly to the HTML element.Sitemap Home Search. Google Chrome is based on the same WebKit engine as Safari. Some of the examples are provided just to show problems, others show solutions that work in most major browsers.

Use the example that suits you. Within the three main positioning schemes described later there are five position properties: static, relative, absolute, fixed and inherit. For simplicity these three are used in the following examples: absolute, relative and fixed. Positioning can apply to any block element; the examples that follow concentrate on use with div boxes div tags which are block elements and they make probably the commonest use of positions.

Position: static; is the default where, if it doesn't have any top, right, bottom or left positions, a block element just follows in the order of the code and starts a new line. It isn't usually necessary to state position: static unless you want to cancel one of the other properties. The parent when position: relative forms the container from which the position: absolute divs take their positions.

If the parent containing div did not exist or didn't have position: relative; the position: absolute divs would appear at the top of the screen, taking their positions from the main page container or body of the whole page. A beginner may find it easier to construct the whole page with position: absolute divs because they will all stay where they are put and each one can be repositioned without affecting the others. If the screen resolution is changed, all divs maintain their positions and scrolling may be required.

However, learn to use position: relative for more fluid designs as you gain experience. The order in which the codes appear in the html file is not significant as all divs take their positions from the body or a main container enclosing the whole content and do not follow the preceding code. In the example above the divs have been put in a parent container and must be within the container code, but in any order.

The parent container is needed here because the text above may change position on the page if a viewer changes the text size, so the parent div is given position: relative to flow with the text. The azure div is coded first but it makes no difference provided all three are coded within the parent container. Position: absolute divs are usually positioned by coding top, left or right and width. Height is not essential if a div is to allow expansion down if larger text is chosen but other divs must be positioned to allow for this.

You can also code bottom instead of top, but this may affect the position on the screen as browsers have different viewport heights. Be careful if you use position: absolute divs in conjunction with divs which are not position: absolute or position: fixed because position: absolute or position: fixed divs are outside the normal flow and take no notice of any code outside them which means the text or image in divs which are not position: absolute or position: fixed would have no knowledge of them and flow over or behind them.

These divs, if not in a position: relative element, are often used for logos at the side of a page where they will not conflict with anything else or they are used to contain everything on a page so that all divs have a permanent position and none can move according to the way the code reacts to the window resolution like moving to a row below at lower screen resolutions.

One option for a beginner would be to apply the principle used for my example to the whole page. Use a div with position: relative as a containing div for the whole page with margin: auto so that it centers at high screen resolutions.

Inside the containing div make all divs position: absolute so that positioning is easier for a beginner. The containing div will move sideways as it centers at different resolutions but the position: absolute divs inside will stay in their allocated positions. It helps to use background-colors for divs temporarily to see the size and position of each div and remove the colors later.It sounds like an oxymoron, positioning a div relative to a fixed div.

position fixed relative to containing div

However consider this, you have a page that is already positioned center using margin: auto. Next you have a flash element that needs to go to the bottom of the page. Your first approach is to use fixed positioning and set bottom: 0px. However when you resize the page the flash element moves relative to the edge of the browser, and not the edge of your page. Or maybe you want your flash element to appear in a particular place despite different resolutions.

Here is my solution. Next you create a second div that holds the flash object. The containg div is fixed positioned to the bottom of the page, with text-align: center. This means that all of the content will be centered and you can now mix and match fixed and relative positioning.

The following code demonstrates how to position an element to the bottom of the page, but to maintain the same position relative to the content even if the page is resized:. Thank you for contacting us! We'll be in touch!By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. The dark mode beta is finally here. Change your preferences any time. Stack Overflow for Teams is a private, secure spot for you and your coworkers to find and share information.

However, the div is inside a centered container. When I use position:fixed it fixes the div relative to the browser window, such as it's up against the right side of the browser.

Instead, it should be fixed relative to the container. I know that position:absolute can be used to fix an element relative to the divbut when you scroll down the page the element vanishes and doesn't stick to the top as with position:fixed. Long answer: The problem with using "fixed" positioning is that it takes the element out of flow. If, however, the container is of a fixed, known width, you can use something like:. This is outdated information. It is now possible to center content of an dynamic size horizontally and vertically with the help of the magic of CSS3 transform.

Its values are relative to the element they are applied to. Using similar code to the above example, I recreated the same scenario using completely dynamic width and height:. Actually this is possible and the accepted answer only deals with centralising, which is straightforward enough. Also you really don't need to use JavaScript. Set everything up as you would if you want to position: absolute inside a position: relative container, and then create a new fixed position div inside the div with position: absolutebut do not set its top and left properties.

It will then be fixed wherever you want it, relative to the container. Sadly, I was hoping this thread might solve my issue with Android's WebKit rendering box-shadow blur pixels as margins on fixed position elements, but it seems it's a bug. Anyway, I hope this helps!

While I agree that Graeme Blackwood's should be the accepted answer, because it practically solves the issue, it should be noted that a fixed element can be positioned relatively to its container. So my fixed elements left and top properties were now relative to the container.The position property specifies the type of positioning method used for an element static, relative, fixed, absolute or sticky.

The position property specifies the type of positioning method used for an element. Elements are then positioned using the top, bottom, left, and right properties. However, these properties will not work unless the position property is set first. They also work differently depending on the position value. An element with position: static; is not positioned in any special way; it is always positioned according to the normal flow of the page:.

An element with position: relative; is positioned relative to its normal position. Setting the top, right, bottom, and left properties of a relatively-positioned element will cause it to be adjusted away from its normal position. Other content will not be adjusted to fit into any gap left by the element.

An element with position: fixed; is positioned relative to the viewport, which means it always stays in the same place even if the page is scrolled. The top, right, bottom, and left properties are used to position the element. An element with position: absolute; is positioned relative to the nearest positioned ancestor instead of positioned relative to the viewport, like fixed. However; if an absolute positioned element has no positioned ancestors, it uses the document body, and moves along with page scrolling.

Note: A "positioned" element is one whose position is anything except static. An element with position: sticky; is positioned based on the user's scroll position. A sticky element toggles between relative and fixeddepending on the scroll position. It is positioned relative until a given offset position is met in the viewport - then it "sticks" in place like position:fixed.

How to use css to position a div relative to a fixed position div

Note: Internet Explorer, Edge 15 and earlier versions do not support sticky positioning. Safari requires a -webkit- prefix see example below. You must also specify at least one of toprightbottom or left for sticky positioning to work.

CSS Position Tutorial - Learn CSS For Beginners

In this example, the sticky element sticks to the top of the page top: 0when you reach its scroll position.


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